Types of Roofing Materials

There are many roofing options to choose from. Climate, home style and budget all play a role in selecting the best roofing material.

Asphalt shingles are the most common roofs for homes today. They are cost-efficient and work well in all climates. Metal roofs can be made from a variety of materials. Metal panels can resemble a slate or shingle roof.


Asphalt shingles are the most common roofing material for residential homes today. They are durable, lightweight, affordable, and come in a variety of styles and colors. They are also fire retardant and provide good water resistance. They are most commonly used on flat or low-slope roofs.

Developed right here in the United States in 1903, asphalt shingles have become a popular choice among homeowners for their relatively low cost and ease of installation. They have a long lifespan and can withstand various weather conditions including high winds, rain, and hail.

There are three primary types of asphalt shingle options; strip, dimensional, and luxury. Strip shingles are made with one layer of asphalt and offer a flat appearance. Designed to mimic the look of wood shake or slate, dimensional shingles are manufactured with two or more layers of asphalt and fused together for a richer, more textured aesthetic. Luxury shingles are engineered with both aesthetic and performance in mind. They are thicker and heavier than strip shingles and are often backed with enhanced warranties.

Other roofing materials include metal, clay tiles, and wood. Metal roofing offers a stylish, modern alternative to traditional shingles and is available in galvanized steel, aluminum, copper, and more. Durable and weather-resistant, these roofs can last up to 35 years.

For a more rustic and aesthetically pleasing option, consider clay tiles. These are available in a variety of color combinations and offer excellent water resistance. They are also fire-resistant and are great for insulating a home. Wood roofs are usually crafted from pine, red cedar, or cypress. These roofs are known for their durability and longevity, offering a crisp, clean look that works well with any architectural style. It is important to contact Roofers Canton Ohio they are qualified installer with extensive experience in installing these types of roofs.


When most people think of metal roofing, they envision plain tin panels on a rustic barn. However, metal roofs can be found in a wide variety of colors and styles. They are also durable, fire-resistant and energy efficient. Additionally, they can be made to mimic the look of other roof types.

Metal roofing is typically rolled or corrugated, but it can be panelized and even come in slate or shingle shapes. It is available in a variety of materials, but aluminum and steel are the most popular. Metal roofing also tends to be more expensive than other roofing materials, but they can provide an excellent return on investment since they are long-lasting.

Rolled roofing is the traditional choice for low-sloped residential roofs and outbuildings like sheds and garages. It is a common underlayment material, but it doesn’t have many aesthetic features and has a lifespan of only about ten years.

Another underlayment option is a synthetic membrane. This is a more recent development that has become increasingly popular in homes. It’s usually constructed of either EPDM (ethylene propylene diene monomer) or PVC (polyvinyl chloride). This is a less expensive underlayment than others, but it still offers decent insulation and a long lifespan.

Another metal option is a zinc roof or copper roof. Zinc and copper have been historically used for industrial buildings, but they have recently become more popular for residential homes thanks to technical advancements. Zinc and copper have the best durability of any metal roofing options, as well as exemplary fire and wind resistance. They are also easy to install and have a sleek, modern appearance. However, copper is prone to tarnish and may require more maintenance than other roofing materials.


Wood is a classic roofing material that looks beautiful on traditional homes. However, it is more expensive than many modern materials and requires regular maintenance to ensure it lasts. It also has some limitations, such as rot and a higher risk of fire. These factors can make it a poor choice in areas that experience a lot of moisture and where wildfires are common.

The two main types of wood roofs are shingles and shakes. Shingles are thin slabs of wood that are cut, while shakes are thicker wedges that are split by hand. Both types of wood can be treated to be resistant to moisture, rot, and insects. The main difference is that shingles are milled to be uniform in shape and size, while shakes have a more rustic appearance with varying grain patterns, ridges, and thicker butt ends.

Cedar is the most popular choice for shingles because it’s rot- and insect-resistant, but other options include pine, cypress, and redwood. All of these options are less expensive than cedar and are suitable for most climates, but they don’t have the same wearability as cedar.

Regardless of the type of wood used, there are a few different grades that can be selected. Choosing the highest quality grade for your roof will give you the best results in terms of durability and appearance. #1 Grade is edge grain with no defects and is recommended for new roofs, re-roofing, and sidewalls. #2 Grade is flat grain with some knots and defects and is usually reserved for re-roofing or as a starter course for double-course sidewalls.

If you’re looking for an even more durable option than wood, slate is a great choice. This natural material is shaped and fired in a kiln for durability and strength. It isn’t as common as other roofing materials, but it is a popular choice for high-end homes because of its beauty and longevity.


Slate is a natural, sedimentary rock that’s been used for centuries as one of the most durable roofing materials. It’s also incredibly attractive, and it can add to the curb appeal of your home. However, a slate roof is expensive, and it can be difficult to install and repair.

The most common type of residential roof in America is the asphalt shingle. There are several types of asphalt shingles to choose from, including 3-tab, architectural, and luxury asphalt shingles. Each offers different levels of durability, but all asphalt shingles are affordable and easy to maintain.

Metal roofs are another option for homeowners looking to protect their homes from the elements. They’re available in a variety of styles, and they can be made to look like other roofing materials, such as wood or slate. Metal roofs are long-lasting, and they can resist damage from high winds and hail. They’re also energy-efficient, which can help reduce your utility bills.

Another popular type of roof is the wood shake or shingle. These are usually crafted from pine, cedar, or cypress, and they can be treated to be fire-resistant, prevent rot and decay, and deter insects. A wood shake or shingle roof is an eco-friendly option, and it can last up to 50 years.

While natural slate roofs are a beautiful choice, they’re also very heavy. Not all homes are strong enough to support them, and they’re typically installed by specialist roofers. Additionally, a slate roof can be difficult to walk on, and it’s fragile if you’re not careful. That means that your roof may need to be repaired more frequently, and it might require more frequent inspections.

Clay Tiles

The most aesthetically pleasing roofing material available, clay tiles add a traditional and distinctive look to any home. They are typically glazed in earth tones like browns, greys, and reds but can be painted to match any architectural style. They can withstand a number of environmental conditions and are known to last for centuries with little maintenance.

Clay tiles are made from earthen clays that are rolled or interlocked and fired for hardness. They can be left unglazed with the characteristic reddish-orange color or glazed for more durability and aesthetics. They can also be molded into shapes for unique designs. They are a good choice for areas with hot weather and salt air because they are resistant to fire, freeze/thaw cycles, and insect damage.

There are many different types of clay tile roofs, including pan tiles with a ripple appearance and barrel tiles that have semi-cylindrical ridges and troughs for water drainage. French tiles are essentially an inverted version of Roman roofs, with flat ridges interrupting shallow, flat-bottomed troughs for shedding heavy rains. Riviera tiles are a flat variation of double Roman roofs with wider troughs and an overall more decorative appearance.

Slate is another durable and attractive roofing option that has been in use since ancient times. Its natural texture is a distinctive feature that can enhance the visual appeal of any house, and it has been known to withstand strong winds and even earthquakes. However, slate roofs are extremely heavy and can cause structural damage if not properly installed. This type of roof is also very expensive, but it can increase the resale value of a house. 

There are many roofing options to choose from. Climate, home style and budget all play a role in selecting the best roofing material. Asphalt shingles are the most common roofs for homes today. They are cost-efficient and work well in all climates. Metal roofs can be made from a variety of materials. Metal panels can…